The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner. It is the world’s largest passenger airliner; many airports have upgraded their facilities to accommodate it because of its size. Initially named Airbus A3XX, Airbus designed the aircraft to challenge Boeing’s monopoly in the large-aircraft market; the A380 made its first flight on 27 April 2005 and began commercial service in October 2007 with Singapore Airlines.
The A380’s upper deck extends along the entire length of the fuselage, with a width equivalent to a wide-body aircraft. This allows for an A380-800’s cabin with 478 m² (5,145.1 ft²) of floor space; 49% more floor space than the next-largest airliner, the Boeing 747-8, and provides seating for 525 people in a typical three-class configuration or up to 853 people in all-economy class configurations. The A380-800 has a design range of 15,700 km (8,500 nmi; 9,800 mi), sufficient to fly from New York to Hong Kong, and a cruising speed of Mach 0.85 (about 900 km/h or 560 mph at cruising altitude).
As of March 2013, Airbus has received 262 firm orders for the A380 and delivered 101 aircraft. Emirates made the largest order, for 90 aircraft. Airbus delivered the 100th A380 to Malaysia Airlines.
Cumulative orders and deliveries
- Data from Airbus through the end of May 2019.
Blue = Orders
Green = Deliveries
There were 233 aircraft in service with 15 operators as of 31 March 2019.
- Singapore Airlines first service on 25 October 2007
- Emirates first service on 1 August 2008
- Qantas first service on 20 October 2008
- Air France first service on 20 November 2009
- Lufthansa first service on 6 June 2010
- Korean Air first service on 17 June 2011
- China Southern Airlines first service on 17 October 2011
- Malaysia Airlines first service on 1 July 2012
- Thai Airways first service on 6 October 2012
- British Airways first service on 2 August 2013
- Asiana Airlines first service on 13 June 2014
- Qatar Airways first service on 10 October 2014
- Etihad Airways first service on 27 December 2014
- Hi Fly Malta first service on 1 August 2018
- All Nippon Airways first service on 24 May 2019
The shortest regular commercial route that the A380 flies is from Dubai to Doha (379 km or 236 miles) with Emirates (As of 6 June 2017, this route has been suspended due to deterioration of diplomatic relationship between the two countries). Air France briefly operated the A380 on the shorter Paris Charles de Gaulle to London Heathrow route (344 km or 214 miles) in mid-2010. The longest A380 route is flown by Emirates from Dubai to Aucklandat 14,203 kilometres (8,825 mi). It is the fourth longest non-stop commercial flight in the world.
|Typical Seating||555 passengers|
|Airbus A380 Price (average)||US$375.3 Million|
|Fuselage Diameter||7.14 Metres|
|Cabin Length||50.68 Metres|
|Maximum Cabin Width, Main Deck||6.58 Metres|
|Maximum Cabin Width, Upper Deck||5.92 Metres|
|Wheel Base||30.4 Metres|
|Wing Area||843 Square Metres|
|Sweep, 25% of Chord||33.5%|
|Maximum Ramp Weight||562,000kg (1,238,998lb)|
|Maximum Take-off Weight||560,000kg (1,234,600lb)|
|Maximum Landing Weight||386,000kg (850,984lb)|
|Maximum Zero Fuel Weight||361,000kg (795869lb)|
|Maximum Fuel Capacity||320,000 Litres|
|Typical Operating Empty Weight||277,000kg (610,700lb)|
|Typical Volume Payload||664,000kg (1,463,869lb)|
|Powerplants||A380-800 – Four 311kN (70,000lb), initially de-rated to 302kN (68,000lb), later growing to 374kN (84,000lb) thrustRolls-Royce Trent 900 or 363kN (81,500lb) thrust Engine Alliance (General Electric-Pratt & Whitney) GP-7200 turbofans.|
|Range with Maximum Number of Passengers||15,000 Km (8,000 Nm)|
|Maximum Operating Speed||0.89 Mach|
|Long Range Cruising Speed||0.85 Mach|
|Service Ceiling||43.000ft (13,100m)|
|Total Freight and Cargo Volume||171 Cubic Metres|
|Bulk Hold Volume||18.4 Cubic Metres|
|Maximum Volume of Pallets||Under Floor 13 Pallets|
|Container Capacity||Underfloor 38 LD3 containers|