Airbus Industries A320

The Airbus Industries A320 jet family of airplanes consists of four different variants; A318, A319, A320 and the A321. The Airbus A320 seating layout was Airbus’ first narrow body offering in the single-aisle, short to medium range market. The A320 was the first of this family to be produced and first flew on 22 February 1987.

In the A320, Airbus pioneered the fighter style side-stick for flight control. This was all part of the fly by wire that was also pioneered in this aeroplane. Fly by wire replaced manual connections between the controls and the flight surfaces with electric wire that transmitted electronic signals from the pilot’s flight controls through a computer to actuators which physically moved the surfaces. This system enabled more fail-safe systems to be built to the aircraft so that pilots could not put the aircraft into situations that were dangerous to flight safety. In addition, the weight saving of using electrical wire instead of heavier cables was also a benefit to the economy of the aircraft.

Airbus needed an aeroplane to break into a segment of the airline market where previously they were absent. It was set to compete head to head with Boeing’s’ 717, 757 and 737 as well as McDonnell Douglas’ MD80 and MD90. Between 2005 and 2007 the A320 family was the fastest-selling jet airliner family.

Airbus A320 NEO

In 2006, Airbus began a program of improvements for the A320 family. The A320NEO (New Engine Option) or A320E (A320 Enhanced) are targeted at bringing the A320 into the modern age with improvements around fuel efficiency, environmental considerations and passenger comfort. These improvements include new winglets or Sharklets as Airbus prefer to call them, which will enhance the aerodynamic performance. These, along with weight savings will reduce fuel burn, always a very important consideration in today’s high cost fuel environment. A new cabin layout with increased carry on luggage storage space and as well as an improved air purification system will be a winner with passengers. Being used mainly as a short haul commuter jet, the trend today is for passengers to travel with carry-on luggage only, so cabin baggage space is an important factor.

As the name A320NEO suggests, the new jet offering will come with engine options of either: CFM International LEAP-X or Pratt & Whitney PW1000G. These new generation engines will deliver savings in fuel as well as a reduction of Nitrogen Oxide output in the region of 10%. The fuel saving will offer an average of 500 nautical miles of extra range over current offerings.

A320 NEO

Image result for a320 neo

 

Airbus A318
Airbus A320 Family A318

Airbus A319Airbus A320 Family A319

Airbus A320Airbus A320 Family A320

Airbus A321
Airbus A320 Family A321

Type
A318
A319
A320
A321
Range5,750 KM
(3,100 NM)
6,950 KM
(3,750 NM)
(NEO 6,950 KM (3,750 NM))
6,100 KM
(3,300 NM)
(NEO 6,500 KM (3,500 NM))
5,950 KM
(3,200 NM)
(NEO 7,400 KM (4,000 NM))
Seating (Typical)107124 (NEO 140)150 (NEO 165)185 (NEO 190)
Length31.44 Metres (103ft 2in)33.84 Metres (111ft 0in)37.57 Metres (123ft 3in)44.51 Metres (146ft 0in)
Wingspan
34.10 Metres (111ft 11in) With Sharklets 35.8 metres
(117ft 5in)
Wing Area
122.6 Square Metres (1,320 sq ft)
Wing Sweep Back
25 Degrees
Tail Height12.51 Metres (41ft 1in)11.76 Metres (38ft 7in)11.76 Metres (38ft 7in)11.76 Metres (38ft 7in)
Fuselage Width
(Exterior)
3.95 Metres (13 ft 0 in)
Cabin Width
3.70 Metres (12 ft 2 in)
Fuselage Height
4.14 Metres (13 ft 7 in)
Freight Capacity21.21 Cubic Metres (749
cu ft)
27.62 Cubic Metres (975
cu ft)
37.41 Cubic Metres
(1,321 cu ft)
51.73 Cubic Metres
(1,827 cu ft)
Cruising Speed
Mach 0.78 (828KPH / 511 MPH at 11,000 Metres / 36,000
ft)
Maximum Operating Speed
Mach 0.82 (871KPH / 537 MPH at 11,000 Metres / 36,000
ft)
Operating Empty Weight
(OEW)
39,500 kg (87,100 lb)40,800 kg (89,900 lb)
(NEO 42,600 kg (93,900 lb))
42,600 kg (93,900 lb)
(NEO 44,300 kg (97,700 lb))
48,500 kg (106,900 lb)
(NEO 50,100 kg (110,500 lb))
Maximum Zero Fuel
Weight(MZFW)
54,500 kg (120,200 lb)58,500 kg (129,000 lb)62,500 kg (137,800 lb)73,800 kg (162,700 lb)
Maximum Landing
Weight(MLW)
57,500 kg (127,000 lb)62,500 kg (138,000 lb)66,000 kg (146,000 lb)77,800 kg (172,000 lb)
Maximum Take-off
Weight(MTOW)
68,000 kg (150,000 lb)75,500 kg (166,000 lb)
(NEO 75,500 kg (166,400 lb))
78,000 kg (172,000 lb)
(NEO 79,000 kg (174,200 lb))
93,500 kg (206,000 lb)
(NEO 97,000 kg (213,800 lb))
Engines
CFM International CFM56-5 series
CFM International CFM56-5 series
(NEO CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1100G)
Engines
Pratt & Whitney PW6000 series

IAE V2500 series
Thrust x 2
96 to 106 kN (22,000 to 24,000 lbf)
98 to 120 kN (22,000 to 27,000 lbf)
(NEO 107 kN (24,100 lbf))
111 to 120 kN (25,000 to 27,000 lbf)
(NEO 120.6 kN (27,120 lbf))
133 to 147 kN (30,000 to 33,000 lbf)
(NEO 147.3 kN (33,110 lbf))
Type
A318
A319
A320
A321

@http://www.modernairliners.com/airbus-a320-introduction/

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