The Airbus A220, previously known as Bombardier CSeries (or C Series), is a family of narrow-body, twin-engine, medium-range jet airliners originally designed and built by the Canadian manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace, now marketed by Airbus and built by joint venture Airbus Canada Limited Partnership.
The 108 to 133-seat CS100 (now A220-100) made its maiden flight on 16 September 2013, was awarded an initial type certification by Transport Canada on 18 December 2015, and entered service on 15 July 2016 with Swiss Global Air Lines. The 130 to 160-seat CS300 (now A220-300) first flew on 27 February 2015, received an initial type certification on 11 July 2016, and entered service with launch customer airBaltic on 14 December 2016. Early operators recorded better-than-expected fuel burn and dispatch reliability, as well as positive feedback from passengers and crew.
Airbus acquired a 50.01% majority stake in the CSeries program in October 2017, with the deal closing in July 2018. As part of the deal, Bombardier retained a 31% stake in the aircraft and Investissement Québec 19%. In August 2019, Airbus opened a second assembly line for the aircraft at its Mobile, Alabamafactory.
The Bombardier CSeries aircraft contains a high proportion of composite materials and features larger windows. The CSeries cabin features large, rotating overhead storage bins, allowing each passenger to stow a sizeable carry-on bag overhead. Bombardier claims that compared to the cabins of current in-service narrowbody aircraft, the CSeries provides airlines with the highest overhead bin volume per passenger and a wider aisle that allows for faster boarding and disembarkation of passengers.
The CSeries aircraft contain 70% advanced materials comprising 46% composite materials and 24% aluminium-lithium. Bombardier claims an overall 15% lower seat-mile cost, 20% lower fuel burn and a CO
2 emissions advantage, a 25% reduction in maintenance costs and four-fold reduction in the noise footprint compared to existing production aircraft.
Bombardier claims the engine and the wings will save up to 20% fuel compared with the Airbus A320neo and the Boeing 737NG; the CS300 is 6 tons lighter than the Airbus A319neo and nearly 8 tons lighter than the Boeing 737 MAX 7, helping it to achieve up to 12% operating costs savings and 15% with the current models.
As of 31 July 2019, 80 aircraft are in commercial service with:
|Operator||First commercial service||-100||-300||Combined|
|Swiss International Air Lines||15 June 2016||9||20||29|
|airBaltic||14 December 2016||19||19|
|Korean Air||20 January 2018||10||10|
|Delta Air Lines||7 February 2019||20||20|
|Variant||A220-100 (BD-500-1A10)||A220-300 (BD-500-1A11)|
|Cockpit crew||2 pilots|
|Passengers||116 typical / 135 max||141 typical / 160 max|
|Seat pitch||28–36 in (71–91 cm) in Y/J||28–38 in (71–97 cm) in Y/J|
|Seat width||18.5 to 20 in (47 to 51 cm)|
|Cargo volume||838 cu ft / 23.7 m³||1,116 cu ft / 31.6 m³|
|Length||114 ft 9 in / 35.0 m||127 ft 0 in / 38.7 m|
|Wing||115 ft 1 in / 35.1 m span, 1,209 sq ft / 112.3 m² area (10.97 AR)|
|Height||37 ft 8 in / 11.5 m|
|Fuselage diameter||12 ft 2 in / 3.7 m|
|Cabin||129.0 in / 3.28 m width, 83.0 in / 2.11 m height|
|Cabin length||77 ft 10 in / 23.7 m||90 ft 1 in / 27.5 m|
|MTOW||63,049 kg (138,999 lb)||69,853 kg (154,000 lb)|
|Maximum payload||33,350 lb / 15,127 kg||41,250 lb / 18,711 kg|
|OEW||77,650 lb (35,221 kg)||81,750 lb (37,081 kg)|
|Fuel capacity||21,918 l (5,790 USg) 39,080 lb (17,726 kg)|
|Range||3,400 nmi (6,300 km)||3,350 nmi (6,200 km)|
|Cruise speed||Mach .82 (470 kn; 871 km/h) max, Mach .78 (447 kn; 829 km/h) typical|
|Takeoff (MTOW)||4,800 ft / 1,463 m||6,200 ft / 1,890 m|
|Landing (MLW)||4,550 ft / 1,387 m||4,950 ft / 1,509 m|
|Ceiling||41,000 ft / 12,497 m|
|Engines||2× Pratt & Whitney PW1500G|
|Unit thrust||18,900-23,300 lbf / 84.1-103.6 kN||21,000-23,300 lbf / 93.4-103.6 kN|
- 120 passengers
- 140 passengers